Expected technical results
The LIFE CRAL project aims at demonstrating the feasibility of a new pre-industrial process to produce:
- prototype semi-solid cast components for automotive with mechanical behaviours equal or superior to standard components by using recycled low-purity aluminium alloys;
- prototype semi-solid cast parts made of new ECO-magnesium alloys having excellent metallurgical integrity and mechanical properties in accordance with automotive standards.
Expected environmental results
The LIFE CRAL project is fully in line with the EC regulation no 1907/2006 REACH, which aims at minimising the adverse effects of chemicals on human health and environment.
As compared with conventional casting processes, the LIFE CRAL process route via recycled aluminium will allow to:
- cut the acidification potential of any chemicals currently used in primary aluminium production by 100%;
- cut the eutrophication potential of the abovementioned chemicals by 100%;
- cut the photochemical ozone creation potential caused by the reaction of NOx and volatile organic compounds under the influence of UV light by 100%;
- cut the ozone layer depletion potential by 100%;
- cut the global warming potential related to pollutant emissions in both the upstream and the downstream stages of the CRAL pilot-line by 100%;
- cut water scarcity footprint by 100%;
- reduce CO2 emissions by at least 97%.
The LIFE CRAL process route via ECO-magnesium alloys will allow to:
- cut the global warming potential of SF6, which accounts for 22 tonCO2-eq per each kg, by 100%;
- cut greenhouse gases (GHGs) and substances dangerous for human health handled in the plant by 100%;
- reduce CO2 emissions by at least 60% compared to conventional casting processes.